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HDE Publications 

Health as a precious Asset

Accelerating follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development

This brief report responds to the request of the preparatory committee for the Special  Session of the UN General Assembly for information on progress in achieving universal access to primary health services.

The report begins with a summarized global update on the main diseases and conditions which disproportionately affect the poor. It also describes current problems in health services. The second section sets out a number of proposals for action, within the Copenhagen framework which the World Health Organization believes can make a significant force for poverty reduction.



Poverty and Health - Report by the Director-General

Report from the WHO Executive Board, 105th Session, December 14, 1999. The paper sets out the rationale for, and the main components of a new approach which aims to focus WHO’s expertise and resources more closely on improving the health of the poor. It outlines a strategic framework, applicable to both the WHO Secretariat and Member States, and proposes a series of principles to guide country support.





Public Health and Trade ** Forthcoming **

In the current era of globalization, national boundaries are becoming more and more porous. This is as true for international trade and economic transactions as it is for infectious diseases and inputs into health systems. 

This guide explains the health implications of trade and trade rules, in order to support the public health community’s participation in national and multilateral trade negotiations. It illustrates that the agreements of the World Trade Organization have a growing influence on national health policymaking in both developed and developing countries. The first in a set of tools for country representatives, the guide may also inform trade negociators and those in other sectors about the health effects of trade.



Negotiating Health Development: A Guide for Practicioners

July 2000

By Nick Drager, Elizabeth McClintock and Michael Moffitt

This guide aims to assist those who wish to improve the health of populations, primarily those populations in greatest need. It provides some guidelines, tools, and examples of practices others have found helpful in addressing important health issues. Because each situation has important elements that distinguish it from any other situation, these guidelines are not “answers” as much as suggested processes and questions. One will not find a simple, uniform fix in these pages. However, professionals do encounter some common challenges when dealing with health-related issues in developing countries, and some strategies and analyses prove useful in virtually every circumstance. 

The examples that appear in Negotiating Health Development come from the real experiences of people in countries around the world.



Partnership in Health and Poverty: Towards a Common Agenda

Summary Report of an International Meeting held in Geneve, 12-14 June 2000

WHO, in collaboration with the World Bank, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) and the European Commission, held a major meeting on Partnership in Health and Poverty: Towards a Common Agenda at WHO headquarters with key development partners. The 130 participants included senior government officials from developing countries, experts from civil society organizations and academic institutions worldwide, and health and development officials from bi- and multilateral agencies.

The main objectives of the meeting were (a) to provide a forum of exchanging information on current thinking on health in development and on current practice related to health and poverty reduction; (b) to identify critical gaps and obstacles in knowledge for action; (c) to encourage participants to discuss strategies on how to strengthen partnerships and other efforts to integrate health into national and international development planning. 



An Informal Consultation with Selected Development Partners

Summary Report of a Meeting held in Geneva, 7-8 September 1999

In September 1999, HDE organized an informal consultation with selected development partners to discuss issues related to the role and contribution of health towards poverty reduction. The meeting was designed to gain a better understanding of viwes, frameworks, action plans, and lessons that can guide the development of an overall WHO policy on health and poverty reduction, as well as HDE’s strategies. The meeting is one in a series that will obtain input into the WHO policy by a wide range of stakeholders in and outside the organization.



School Health insurance as a vehicle for Health-Promoting Schools

Recent experience in Viet Nam

By Guy Carrin, Helge Hollmeyer, Jack Jones, Marthe Everard, Aviva Ron, L. Savioli, Yu Sen-Hai and Tran Van Tien, Bui Duc Trang, Ton That Hoang Tu and Nguyen Thi Kim Thuy

August 1999

During the transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, Viet Nam hs engaged in health reform. A major aspect of this reform is Vietnam Health Insurance (VHI), a government agency that was established in 1992 to help protect the population against the cost implications of health risks. Recently, the Government publicly acknowledged the importance of VHI as an important instrument of poverty reduction, by pledging to contribute to the funding of the premiums of millions of poor citizens.

This paper describes how school health insurance was developed and implemented in Viet Nam. It describes the unique way that premiums are used to strengthen school health programs, and thereby promote health even among children who are not insured. Furthermore, it highlights specific ways that school health insurance can be used to improve school conditions and programs that have the potential to enhance the health of the poorest children at relatively low costs.




Partnership in Health and Poverty

Volume 44 No. 1, March 2001

This special edition of the Development journal brings together a set of papers and ideas discussed at a meeting on “Partnership in Health and Poverty Reduction” which took place at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva in June 2000. The meeting was organized by WHO in partnership with the World Bank, the European Commission, the Department for International Development, and the Society for International Development.

The basic idea reflected in many of the articles is that protecting and improving the health status of poor and vulnerable people can lead to significant reductions in human poverty.


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